Ce300 psych / aba unit 8 discussion post and 2 replies

Kaplan University

Psychology / Applied Behavior Analysis / Early Childhood Development

CE300: Observation and Assessment in Early Childhood

 

Discussion post and two replies.

Topic: Interpreting and Using Assessment Results

 

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TUTOR INSTRUCTIONS:

   The student is required to answer the case study questions below to make a new discussion post, then make a reply comment to two other student’s posts. So, one new original post, and two reply comments (one comment about Student 1’s post, and one comment about Student 2’s post).

  

   References that should be used and cited for this assignment are:

1.    “Early Childhood Assessment: Why? What? and How?”; http://www.acf.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/opre/early_child_assess.pdf

   In Part 1 (Early Childhood Assessment), you are to read Chapter 1, titled “Introduction”; (pp. 23-30) as well as Chapter 2, “Purposeful Assessment”; (pp. 31-40).

2.    Head Start Child Development and Early Learning Framework at

U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. (2010, Dec). The Head Start Child Development and Early Learning Framework. Retrieved from http://eclkc.ohs.acf.hhs.gov/hslc/hs/sr/approach/elof

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Case study

 

Roberto is a 3-year-old boy in the childcare center where you work. Your center uses the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ-3) to screen all children in your care. Roberto scored above the cutoff point in all areas on the ASQ-3 except for communication, where his score was far below the cutoff point, which indicates a need for further assessment. Please answer the following questions (please do not read other classmate responses until you have responded).

 

As early childhood professionals, we can always use additional assessment data to form a complete assessment on a child.

 

1. Based on the scores on the ASQ-3, what would you recommend for further assessment and why?

2. Please be sure to discuss the limitations of a screening instrument such as the ASQ-3 and appropriate uses of screening results. Further assessment indicated that Roberto had a significant language delay, and qualified for language intervention from a speech pathologist through the public school system.

3. How could you as the early childhood professional in the home childcare center link these assessment results to your instruction?

4. Please give specific examples and be sure that these are based on developmentally appropriate practice (DAP) and scientifically based practice.

 

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Student 1’s post:

 

 

 “Assessment, defined as gathering information in order to make informed instructional decisions, is an integral part of most early childhood programs” (National Research Council (2008).

 

Based on the scores on the ASQ-3, what would you recommend for further assessment and why?

 

First, I would tell Roberto’s parents how he score above the cutoff in all areas of Gross and fine motor, problem solving and personal social.  However, we noticed that he scored below the cutoff in the area of communication.  Next, I would need to know what language is spoken in the home. Was the test given in the child’s first language.  Are there any cultural differences?  What are the environmental factors?  Has there been something different gig on that may have affected Roberto’s performance.  I would relay this information in private with compassion.  I would remind the parents that the screening is not a diagnosis but the need for further assessment.  I would listen to the parents input as to why this was, discuss their concerns and offer specific examples of my concerns.  I would give them learning activities that they can do at home and reassure them that I will be doing them here at school so we are on the same page.  Then, I would suggest that we re-screen in 2-3 months.  By doing this we can see if there is an improvement before I refer her to their family doctor or a community referral.     

 

Please be sure to discuss the limitations of a screening instrument such as the ASQ-3 and appropriate uses of screening results.  Further assessment indicated that Roberto had a significant language delay, and qualified for language intervention from a speech pathologist through the public school system.

 

Some of the limitations would be that it depends only on the parent’s report.  It included how the child acts at home, but what about at school.  What if the child has a bad situation at home or there is stress at home?  In the Early Childhood Assessment Why? What? and How?  They state the child may not be able to stay focused, may have difficulty responding to situation cues and verbal directions, and young children do not respond consistently when asked to do something for an adult. • In some cultures, direct questioning is considered rude. And the parent may be biased and does not tell the correct answer because they are scared of having their child labelled. 

 

How could you as the early childhood professional in the home childcare center link these assessment results to your instruction?

 

I would come up with a developmental action plan that both the teachers and parents could work on together. Give the child certain words to word on while doing the action.  Then, add on a word to create a two word sentence and continue adding words.  

 

Please give specific examples and be sure that these are based on developmentally appropriate practice (DAP) and scientifically based practice.

 

If a score is below the cutoff, I might make a referral for further assessment in 2 to 3 months or intervention.  Taking into account certain factors that may have influenced the child’s scores, such as setting/time of day of screening, health, and family or cultural factors. If a score is near but not below the cutoff (in the monitoring zone), I would talk to the parent about their concerns and I may decide to refer for further assessment. Otherwise, I would provide follow-up activities and plan to screen again. If the child scores above the cutoff, I would tell the parents how great their child is doing and provide advanced activities to excel the child even more.

 

References:

 

National Research Council. (2008). Early Childhood Assessment: Why, What, and How?

            Committee on Developmental Outcomes and Assessments for Young Children, Catherine

            E. Snow and Susan B. Van Hemel, editors. Board on Children, Youth and Families,

Board on Testing and Assessment, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and

Education. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

http://www.acf.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/opre/early_child_assess.pdf

Ages and Stages Questionnaire 2016 | Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co.

http://agesandstages.com/products-services/asq3/

 

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Student 2’s post:

 

Good Evening Professor and Classmates,

 

 1. Based on the scores on the ASQ-3, what would you recommend for further assessment and why?

 

On the Ages and Stages Questionnaire that was performed on Roberto who is a 3 year old little boy he showed that he scored above the cutoff point in all areas other than the communication section in which he score below, which shows that he needs further assessment. The further assessment I would recommend is the diagnostic testing.  According to Early Childhood Assessment: Why, What, and How?,  screening assessments indicated a child’s performance is outside the expected range so then further diagnostic assessment is needed to better show the problem, to locate a cause or both. With a diagnostic testing for a child that has delayed speech will better assist in finding out if it is intellectual function or cognitive processing and whether there are obvious causes as to why the child’s speech maybe delayed. For instance how is his speech at home? Does his parents work with him and help him use his words and sound them out for him, does he have siblings who speak for him or no not allow him to talk and just give him what he wants. He may have even had some troubles at birth or in his growing. The diagnostic testing will be able to dig into his speech delay even deeper than just an assessment can.

 

2. Please be sure to discuss the limitations of a screening instrument such as the ASQ-3 and appropriate uses of screening results.

 

Further assessment indicated that Roberto had a significant language delay, and qualified for language intervention from a speech pathologist through the public school system.

 

            The limitations that may occur with the ASQ-3 is that it is a questionnaire that is filled out by the parents so it could not be as accurate as a another type of assessment maybe and hence the reason it would need to be applied with another form of assessment. Some parents maybe in denial or may not answer truthfully out of fear of them not wanting their child to have to have help in certain areas and seem as if their child is not where they should be or not as smart as other children their age. To get an unbiased answer the assessment would get a more accurate result if someone who has knowledge in this area performed it.

 

3.    How could you as the early childhood professional in the home childcare center link these assessment results to your instruction?

 

I would first talk to the parent and get to know a little more about their home life and see if the parents have any concerns or questions in this area. Being as the child scored below the cut off from the answers that they parents have given I would first have him seem someone who is more knowledgeable in this area and give a reason as to why he is below the cut off on where he should be for communication. Would also encourage the parents to start pointing out certain items around the house and help him try to pronounce the word and also to encourage them to read to him daily or frequently and to speak to him in whichever language is his more dominate language if they are a bilingual family.

 

4.    Please give specific examples and be sure that these are based on developmentally appropriate practice (DAP) and scientifically based practice.

 

Would have him seen by a speech therapist. After having further diagnostic testing performed I would then sit back down with the parents and discuss the results. If it is something that the childcare center can help him with or if it is help that he may need to receive outside of the center. Would still encourage the parents to be highly involved in the process of getting his speech to the level it should be and to stress the importance of helping him earlier on instead of waiting till he is older.

 

References:

 

 

Snow, C. & Van Hemel, S (2008) Early Childhood Assessment: Why, What, and How? URL Retrieved from http://www.acf.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/opre/early_child_assess.pdf

 
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Acc 556 week 8 chapter 10

ACC 556 CHAPTER 10 HOMEWORK

Question 1
Unearned revenues are received before goods are delivered or services are rendered.
 True
 False
Question 2
The relationship between current assets and current liabilities is
 
    useful in determining income.
 
    useful in evaluating a company’s liquidity.
 
    called the matching principle.
 
    useful in determining the amount of a company’s long-term debt.
Question 3
If the market rate of interest is 10%, a $10,000, 12%, 10-year bond that pays interest annually would sell at an amount
 
    less than face value.
 
    equal to face value.
 
    greater than face value.
 
    that cannot be determined.
Question 4
Which of the following is not an advantage of issuing bonds instead of common stock?
 
    Stockholder control is not affected
 
    Earnings per share on common stock may be lower
 
    Tax savings result
 
    Each of these answer choices is an advantage.
Question 5
If bonds are issued at a discount, it means that the
 
    financial strength of the issuer is suspect.
 
    market interest rate is higher than the contractual interest rate.
 
    market interest rate is lower than the contractual interest rate.
 
    bondholder will receive effectively less interest than the contractual rate of interest.
Question 6
Most notes are not interest bearing.
 True
 False
Question 7
The interest charged on a $70,000 note payable, at the rate of 6%, on a 90-day note would be
 
    $4,200.
 
    $2,100.
 
    $1,050.
 
    $700.
Question 8
Match the items below by entering the appropriate code letter in the space provided.

Long term liabilities issued against the general credit of the borrower

Bonds that may be coverted into common stock at the bondholder’s option

Off-balance sheet financing

The rate investors demand for loaning funds to a corporation.

Occurs when the contractual rate of interest is less than the market rate of interest.

A measure of a company’s short-term liquidity.

Produces a periodic interest expense that is the same amount each interest period.

A measure of a company’s solvency.

Bonds subject to retirement at a stated dollar amount prior to maturity.

The time that the final payment on a bond is due from the bond issuer.
    A.    Maturity date
B.    Times interest earned
C.    Callable bonds
D.    Market interest rate
E.    Straight-line method of amortization
F.    operating leases
G.    convertible bonds
H.    Current ratio
I.    Discount on bonds payable
J.    unsecured bonds

Question 9
Norlan Company does not ring up sales taxes separately on the cash register. Total receipts for October amounted to $29,400. If the sales tax rate is 5%, what amount must be remitted to the state for October’s sales taxes?
 
    $1,400
 
    $1,470
 
    $70
 
    It cannot be determined.
Question 10
Stockholders of a company may be reluctant to finance expansion through issuing more equity because
 
    leveraging with debt is always a better idea.
 
    their earnings per share may decrease.
 
    the price of the stock will automatically decrease.
 
    dividends must be paid on a periodic basis.
Question 11
On January 1, 2014, Keisler Company, a calendar-year company, issued $700,000 of notes payable, of which $175,000 is due on January 1 for each of the next four years. The proper balance sheet presentation on December 31, 2014, is
 
    Current liabilities, $700,000.
 
    Long-term debt, $700,000.
 
    Current liabilities, $175,000; Long-term Debt, $525,000.
 
    Current liabilities, $525,000; Long-term Debt, $175,000.
Question 12
In the balance sheet, the account Discount on Bonds Payable is
 
    added to bonds payable.
 
    deducted from bonds payable.
 
    classified as a stockholders’ equity account.
 
    classified as a revenue account.
Question 13
Liabilities are classified on the balance sheet as current or
 
    deferred.
 
    unearned.
 
    long-term.
 
    accrued.
Question 14
Ervay Company has $875,000 of bonds outstanding. The unamortized premium is $12,600. If the company redeemed the bonds at 101, what would be the gain or loss on the redemption?
 
    $3,850 gain
 
    $3,850 loss
 
    $8,750 gain
 
    $8,750 loss
Question 15
With an interest-bearing note, the amount of assets received upon issuance of the note is generally
 
    equal to the note’s face value.
 
    greater than the note’s face value.
 
    less than the note’s face value.
 
    equal to the note’s maturity value.
Question 16
If bonds have been issued at a discount, then over the life of the bonds the
 
    carrying value of the bonds will decrease.
 
    carrying value of the bonds will increase.
 
    interest expense will increase, if the discount is being amortized on a straight-line basis.
 
    unamortized discount will increase.
Question 17
Material gains or losses on bond redemption are reported as an extraordinary item on the income statement.
 True
 False
Question 18
When authorizing bonds to be issued, the board of directors does not specify the
 
    total number of bonds authorized to be sold.
 
    contractual interest rate.
 
    selling price.
 
    total face value of the bonds.

 
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Question and problem sets | Management homework help

Purpose of Assignment

Students should understand the operating and cash cycles of a company, the mechanics in preparing a cash budget, the use of exchange rates and interest rate parity in international finance and valuation of a company in a merger and acquisition.

Assignment Steps 

Resources:  Tutorial help on Excel® and Word® functions can be found on the Microsoft®Office website. There are also additional tutorials via the web that offer support for office products. 

Complete the following Questions and Problems from each chapter as indicated. 

Show all work and analysis.

Prepare in Microsoft® Excel® or Word. 

  • Ch. 18: Questions 3 & 11 (Questions and Problems section)
  • Ch. 20: Questions 8 & 14 (Questions and Problems section)
  • Ch. 21: Questions 4 & 7 (Questions and Problems section)
  • Ch. 26: Questions 1 & 2 (Questions and Problems section): Microsoft® Excel® template provided for Problem 2

Format your assignment consistent with APA guidelines if submitting in Microsoft® Word.

ANSWER QUESTIONS ON ATTACHED DOCUMENT!!!!!!

 
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Business data communications (networking) , can you answer these

Computer Dynamics is a microcomputer software development company that has a 300-computer network. The company is located in three adjacent five-story buildings in an office park, with about 100 computers in each building. The LANs in each building are similar, but one building has the data center on the second floor. There are no other office locations. The current network is poorly designed for its current needs and must be completely replaced.

1.  Develop a logical design for this enterprise campus that considers the seven network architecture components. There are no other campuses, so you can omit WAN access.

2.  Document the assumptions you made in approaching this design.

3.  Explain why you have designed the network in this way.

Need it in less than 5 hours. I can choose today’s date in the due calendar.

 
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4 pages in 8-9 hours

 

Read the Ethics Case, The Kardell Paper Co., on pages 213–215 of your text.

Using the Modified 5-Question Approach, analyze the ethicality of the decision to (or not to) incorporate the new technology and make a fully supported recommendation to the Board of Directors. Supplement this analysis with a Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) table.

You will need to reference your CBA in your recommendation to the Board. Make sure you thoroughly detail your recommendation with reflections on the consequences of the decision, whether the decision is fair to all, and whether the decision demonstrates the virtues expected of the Board of Directors, taking relevant codes of conduct into consideration, and the company as a whole in terms of social responsibility.

The following information and assumptions should be used to complete the Cost-Benefit Analysis:

  • Annual Revenues from the mill average 625 million.
  • Profit margin from the mill is approximately 11%.
  • Implementing the new technology would take two full years. The first year, the company would operate at 65% capacity (assume the company could maintain the 11% profit margin during reduced operations). During the second year, it would need to be completely shut down. After the two year period, the mill could reopen and operate at pre-implementation levels.
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Your recommendation should be addressed to the Board of Directors. It should be 4 pages long (including the CBA and a reference page). Your paper should be APA compliant.

This has to include a cost-benefit analysis.

 
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        Assignme 

1. Jimmy John, officer at MNC, a company on the New York Exchange,  directed MNC sales in North America and Europe. In November of 2008,  John sold more than 7,500 shares of MNC stock. The following March, John  resigned from the firm, and the next month, he bought more than 20,000  shares of its stock. MNC provided some guidance to employees concerning  the rules of insider trading, and with regard to John’s transactions,  the corporation said nothing about the potential liability. Steve Tate,  an MNC shareholder, filed a suit against MNC and John to compel  recovery, under Section 16(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, of  John’s profits from the purchase and sale of his shares. John argued  that he should not be liable because he relied on MNC’s advice. Should  the court order John to return his profits to the Corporation? Explain.

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Assessment Unit 5 Calculating Confidence Intervals due Saturday

 

Evaluation Title: Assignment 5 Rubric

Instructions:: In this assignment,you will calculate confidence intervals for the quantitative variables in the Heart Rate database.

Steps:

  1. Open the Heart Rate database in Excel and identify the quantitative variables
  2. Make sure the data is sorted by category, e.g., male at-rest, female at-rest, etc.
  3. Use the Data Analysis tools to construct 95% and 99% confidence intervals for all of the sorted quantitative variables. Please note that the statistic being used is the confidence interval of the means, which requires the use of the Standard Error of the mean (not the standard deviation of the mean)
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Additional Instructions: Your assignment should be typed into a Word or other word processing document, formatted in APA style.

Estimated time to complete: 3 hours

References

Confidence intervals: Against all odds: Inside statistics [Video file]. (2013). Retrieved August 1, 2017, from https://fod.infobase.com/PortalPlaylists.aspx?wID=104861&xtid=111543

 
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In a short essay of around 300 to 450 words, analyze how Native Americans, Mexican “Tejanos,” Anglo-Americans, and Mexicans from the central high valley heartland of Mexico, viewed themselves and each other in a Southwest of “shifting borders.”  Be sure to state how identities are fluid in an area with no longstanding political sovereignty powerful enough to FORCE identity and allegiance.

This assignment does not use a scoring guide or rubric.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the Turabian Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.

 
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By answering all the following questions,  in 3 paragraphs. In MLA format, 12pt, double spaces.

1st paragraph:

Why do you think Brady wrote this essay? Was her purpose to explain a wife’s duties, to complain about her own situation, to poke fun at men, to attack men, or to provide a realistic and fair definition of a wife? Keep the time period in which this was written in mind.

2nd paragraph: 

What does Brady seem to assume about her readers’ gender(male or female) and their attitudes toward women’s roles in society, relations between the sexes, and work inside and outside the home.

3rd paragraph:

Brady intended to provide a reaction from readers. What is your reaction to this essay: Do you think it is realistic or exaggerated, fair or unfair to men, relevant or  irrelevant to the present time? Why? Explain your reasoning?

 
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Prepare: View the Globalization at a Crossroads (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. series episode and read the article A Model of Global Citizenship: Antecedents and Outcomes by Stephen Reysen and Iva Katzarska-Miller (2013). Go to the Ashford University Library, and locate one additional source on global citizenship that will help support your viewpoint.

Reflect: Please take some time to reflect on how the concept of global citizenship has shaped your identity, and think about how being a global citizen has made you a better person in your community.

Write: Use the Week 1 Example Assignment GuidePreview the document when addressing the following prompts:

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  • Describe how being a global citizen in the world of advanced technology can be beneficial to your success in meeting your personal, academic, and professional goals.
  • Explain why there has been disagreement between theorists about the definition of global citizenship and develop your own definition of global citizenship after reading the article by Reysen and Katzarska-Miller.
  • Choose two of the six outcomes of global citizenship from the article (i.e., intergroup empathy, valuing diversity, social justice, environmental sustainability, intergroup helping, and the level of responsibility to act for the betterment of this world).
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    • Explain how each course influenced you to become a global citizen.

The Importance of Becoming a Global Citizen

Before you submit your written assignment, you are encouraged to review the review the Grammarly (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. page tutorial, set up a Grammarly account (if you have not already done so), and use Grammarly to review a rough draft of your assignment. Then carefully review all issues identified by Grammarly and revise your work as needed.

 
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